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COVID-19 Population Characteristics: Age and Sex

EHR data reveal women are tested more often, but men are more likely to be hospitalized or die from COVID-19. Analysis affirms previous observations of severity differences across age groups.

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Investigators examined which patient populations are most likely to be tested for COVID-19, test positive for COVID-19, and have the most severe outcomes.

The analysis below includes 165,359 patients tested for COVID-19 and 66,017 COVID-19 positive patients as of April 17, 2020. Data are pooled from 22 health systems that represent 140 hospitals, spanning 11 states and covering 86 million patients.

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Figure 1. COVID-19 testing rates by age group and sex

Women between the ages of 4 and 64 were slightly more likely to be tested for COVID-19 than men. Men between the ages of 19 and 84 were slightly more likely to test positive for COVID-19 than women.

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Figure 2. Proportion of positive COVID-19 tests

Men between the ages of 19 and 74 were also more likely than women to be hospitalized or die due to COVID-19. Men age 75 and older were more likely to die than women.

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Figure 3. Outcome severity by age and sex

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